Active compression-decompression for cardiac arrest

Acute coronary syndromes and myocardial infarction: Early invasive strategy using angiography and revascularization

Acute coronary syndromes and myocardial infarction: Routine invasive strategy versus conservative symptom-driven strategy

Acute renal colic: medical therapy to facilitate the passage of ureteral calculi

Aminoglycosides: once-daily versus multiple-daily dosing

Anemia (with or without acute bleeding): Restrictive versus Liberal red-cell transfusion strategy

Anticoagulants, vitamine K antagonists: Patient self-monitoring and self-management

Anticoagulants, vitamine K antagonists: usefulness of Pharmacogenetic guided dosing

Appendicitis: Antibiotics versus appendicectomy as primary acute treatment

Appendicitis: Computed omography (CT) or Ultrasonography (US) for diagnosis

Asthma: Chronic treatment with inhaled long-acting Beta-2 agonists: Benefits and risks

Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events: Aspirin for primary prevention

Atherosclerosis, coronary disease and stroke: High dose statins for secondary prevention

Atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing heart surgery: Amiodarone for prevention

Atrial fibrillation: angiotensin sytem blockers for prevention (primary or secondary)

Atrial fibrillation: Circumferential pulmonary-vein catheter ablation for treatment

Atrial fibrillation: direct Oral anticoagulants for preventing stroke and embolism

Atrial fibrillation: Rhythm control versus rate control strategy

Bacterial infections, acute and severe: Procalcitonin for diagnosis and guidance of antibiotics

Bleeding peptic ulcer: acute treatment with proton pump inhibitors

Cancer, colorectal and others: Aspirin for primary or secondary prevention

Cancer: Immunotherapy

Carotid stenosis: endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid stenosis

Carotid stenosis: endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid stenosis / Carotid stenosis: surgical Endarterectomy versus percutaneous Stenting

Carotid stenosis: surgical Endarterectomy versus percutaneous Stenting

Checklists in medicine

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: chronic treatment with inhaled corticosteroids

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: non-invasive ventilation for severe exacerbations

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: systemic corticosteroids for acute exacerbations

Cognitive performance: Effect of training

Colorectal cancer and polyps: Computed tomographic colonography (virtual colonoscopy) for screening

Contrast-induced nephropathy: N-acetylcysteine for prevention

Coronary disease and Atrial fibrillation: Double- (1 antiplatelet, oral anticoagulation) VS Triple-therapy (2 antiplatelets, oral anticoagulation)

Coronary disease, after stent implantation: Optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy

Coronary disease, stable, non-acute: Revascularization (bypass) versus optimal medical treatment alone

Coronary disease, stable, non-acute: Revascularization (percutaneous) versus optimal medical treatment alone

Coronary disease: Computed tomography coronary angiography for diagnosis

Coronary disease: Coronary bypass surgery versus percutaneous angioplasty or stent

Coronary disease: Glucose-insulin-potassium therapy for ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction

Coronary disease: Long-term Antithrombotic therapy: Combining antiplatelet drugs with oral anticoagulants (factor Xa inhibitors)

Coronary disease: Long-term Antithrombotic treatment: Combining aspirin with oral anticoagulants (warfarin)

Critical appraisal and Methodology: the importance of Randomization

Critically ill patients: Tight glucose control using intensive insulin therapy

Deep venous thrombosis, post-thrombotic syndrome: Compression stockings for prevention

Delirium in elderly patients: use of antipsychotic drugs and increased risk of death

Diabetes mellitus, type 2, poorly controlled with oral agents: Combined treatment with insulin and oral hypoglycaemic agents

Diabetes, type 2: Intensive glucose control, as chronic treatment

Elder patients: Predicting mortality / survival

Esophageal varices acute bleeding: Early portacaval shunt, surgical or transcutaneous

Facial paralysis, idiopathic (Bell,s palsy): Corticosteroids for improving recovery

Heart failure, chronic, diastolic, (preserved ejection fraction): effect of different Drugs tested

Heart failure, chronic, diastolic, (preserved ejection fraction): Long-term mortality (fatal outcome)

Heart failure, chronic, systolic: Resynchronization using a biventricular pacemaker

Heart failure, chronic: Diuretics for chronic treatment, effect on mortality

Heart failure, chronic: Telemonitoring for follow-up

Heart failure, systolic, chronic: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) to guide therapy

Heart failure, systolic: Angiotensin II receptor blockers use

Heart failure: implantable cardioverter defibrillator to prevent sudden death in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction

Heart failure: Poor median survival

Heart valvular disease, aortic stenosis : Transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVI) for high-risk patients

Hepatic cirrhosis with hepatic encephalopathy: antibiotic treatment with rifaximin

Hernia, inguinal: Watchful waiting vs elective Surgical repair

HIV infection, asymptomatic: Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy at higher CD4 counts

Hypertension, essential: Ambulatory vs. Clinic blood pressure measure

Hypertension, essential: Intensive blood-pressure control vs. Standard treatment

Hypertension: Choice of drugs for first-line therapy

Influenza in older adults : Vaccination for healthcare workers to reduce influenza complications in people aged 60 or older in institutions

Information technologies in health care: Actual use in real life

Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum: Artesunate for acute treatment

Meningitis: Corticosteroids for acute bacterial meningitis

Myocardial infarction, with ST-segment elevation : low molecular weight heparins for acute treatment

Neutropenia induced by chemotherapy: oral empirical antibiotics

Obesity: associated risk of death and disease

Obesity: Low-carbohydrate versus low-fat diets

Pancreatitis, acute: Antibiotic prophylaxis

Pneumonia, community acquired, needing hospitalization: initial empiric antibiotic regimen with dual therapy and/or atypical pathogens coverage

Pneumonia, community-adquired, needing hospitalization: adjunctive treatment with Cordticosteroids

Prescribing, Appropriate prescription: Reference lists of medications potentially useful

Renal artery stenosis (atherosclerotic): Revascularizacion versus medical therapy alone

Renal failure, chronic, in non-diabetic and non-nephrotic patients: angiotensin blockage with ACEI or ARB for reducing progression of renal failure

Renal failure, chronic: low protein diet for slowing progression

Renal failure, in elderly patients: creatinine based equations for estimating the glomerular filtration rate

Renal failure: MDRD equation for estimating the glomerular filtration rate

Sciatica caused by vertebral disc herniation: Early surgery versus conservative care

Sepsis and severe infections: Beta-lactam alone or combined with Aminoglycosides for empirical therapy

Septic shock and severe sepsis: Corticosteroids for acute treatment

Septic shock and severe sepsis: Protocol-based care versus usual care

Shock: Isotonic crystalloids versus Colloids or hypertonic crystalloids for fluid resuscitation

Stroke and TIA, ischemic, non-embolic : Combined antiplatelet drugs for primary or secondary prevention

Stroke, ischemic, cerebral infarction: Thrombolysis and/or Endovascular treatment versus standard medical care

Stroke, ischemic, massive : Surgical decompression for cerebral oedema

Stroke, ischemic: Dipyridamole associated to aspirin for secondary prevention

Stroke, ischemic: heparins for acute treatment

Stroke, Transient ischemic attack: ABCD score for predicting risk of evolving to stroke

Stroke: Early treatment of hypertension in the acute phase

Stroke: Early treatment of hypertension in the acute phase / Stroke: Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors/blockers to reduce recurrent stroke

Stroke: Physiotherapy interventions for recovering motor function

Stroke: Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors/blockers to reduce recurrent stroke

Stroke: Very early mobilisation for improving recovery

Syncope: clinical Scores for predicting risk of serious event

Thromboembolic disease: D-dimer to predict recurrence after stopping anticoagulants

Vegetarian diet and mortality

Vitamine D and all-cause mortality