1) bedside inoculation of ascitic fluid into blood culture bottles and PMN count >250 cells/microL; 2) serum-ascites albumin gradient < 1.1 g/dL
DISEASE INTERVENTION COMPARISON RESULTS
JAMA. 2008 Mar 12;299(10):1166-78 Systematic Review
IN ascitis, portal hypertension, liver failure, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis The Use of
1) bedside inoculation of ascitic fluid into blood culture bottles and PMN count >250 cells/microL; 2) serum-ascites albumin gradient < 1.1 g/dL
As Diagnostic Tool
Is useful Than
no comparison
To diagnose: 1) spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (LR+ 9); 2) portal hypertension as ascitis cause (LR- 0.06)